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Archive for June, 2009

American surgeon William James Mayo (1861-1939) was born on June 29, 1861, in LeSeuer, Minnesota. Mayo brothers — William James and Charles Horace — pioneered the concept of the group clinic, bringing together specialists from a number of medical fields to better perform diagnoses and treatment. Their Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, became an internationally known medical center.

The 1942 Park Ridge Times Herald newspaper clipping featured below, courtesy of the Digital Past collection, tells about World War II pilot Bob Sundin’s injury treatment at this clinic.

Sundin was hospitalized at Mayo Brothers Hospital in Minnesota

Sundin was hospitalized at Mayo Brothers Hospital in Minnesota

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199 years ago, on June 23, 1810, the Pacific Fur Company was founded in New York City. In 1811, the company established a trading post (Fort Astoria) at present-day Astoria, Oregon. The fort was named after John Jacob Astor, the owner of American Fur Company and Pacific Fur Company.
The watercolor by Sir Henry James Warren (1819-1898), courtesy of Early Washington Maps digital collection, part of a Western Waters Digital Library, pictures Fort Astoria during the year 1845.

Fort George formerly Astoria (1848)

Fort George formerly Astoria (1848)

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Boy Scouts who are decorating the graves at Arlington National Cemetery, at the grave of the Unknown Soldier, May 27, 1922

Boy Scouts who are decorating the graves at Arlington National Cemetery, at the grave of the Unknown Soldier, May 27, 1922


The photograph above, courtesy of the Library of Congress, National Photo Company Collection, illustrates two events that happened 52 years apart on June 15th.

On June 15, 1864, Arlington National Cemetery was established with 200 acres around Arlington Mansion officially set aside as a military cemetery by U.S. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.

Fifty-two years later, on June 15, 1916, U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signed a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America, making them the only American youth organization with a federal charter.

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Today, The World Health Organization has declared the current outbreak of H1N1 influenza to be a pandemic, the first since 1968.
As early as over a century ago, in 1890s, the flu disease was already under serious investigation.
The item featured below, courtesy of Harvard University Library, Immigration to the United States, 1789-1930 digital collection, is a full-text digitized version of a Julius Althaus’s 1892 book “Influenza: its pathology, symptoms, complications, and sequels, its origin and mode of spreading, and its diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment.”

Althaus, Julius. Influenza: its pathology, symptoms, complications, and sequels, its origin and mode of spreading, and its diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. London: Longmans, 1892.

Althaus, Julius. Influenza: its pathology, symptoms, complications, and sequels, its origin and mode of spreading, and its diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment. London: Longmans, 1892.

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Famous American architect, interior designer, writer and educator Frank Lloyd Wright was born on June 8, 1867.

Opening History aggregation includes the Frank Lloyd Wright – Wasmuth Portfolio digital collection. The Wasmuth portfolio (Ausgeführte Bauten und Entwurfe von Frank Lloyd Wright) was a two-volume folio of 100 lithographs of the Wright’s work, published in Germany in 1910 by the Berlin publisher Ernst Wasmuth, with an accompanying monograph by Wright. It contained plans and perspectives of buildings designed between 1893-1909. It was the first publication of any of Wright’s work to appear anywhere in the world. The portfolio became a significant link between Wright’s pioneering American architecture, and the first generation of modernist architects in Europe.

Another digital collection in Opening History aggregation, Darwin D. Martin Photograph Collection includes photographs of homes designed by Frank Lloyd Wright for the Martins. The photograph below, courtesy of State University of New York at Buffalo, Darwin D. Martin Collection, pictures William E. Martin’s house, Oak Park, Illinois, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.

William E. Martin's house, Oak Park, Illinois, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright

William E. Martin's house, Oak Park, Illinois, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright

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World Oceans Day has recently been officially designated by the United Nations as June 8th. Unofficially, the World Oceans Day, the concept for which was proposed by the Government of Canada at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, has been celebrated since 1992. World Oceans Day provides an opportunity each year to celebrate our world ocean and our personal connection to the sea. This year’s team is “one ocean, one climate, one future.”

Bathers 1900_WorldOceanDay

The photograph above, taken by Shirley V. Bacon ca. 1900, courtesy of California Historical Society Collection, 1860-1960, pictures a group of bathers posing in the Pacific Ocean in Long Beach, California.

Below, a view of Atlantic Ocean from Bar Harbor, Maine, taken by Charles Cushman in 1941, courtesy of Indiana University, Charles W. Cushman Photograph Collection.

Islands off east coast of Mt. Desert Island from top of Cadillac Mtn., Bar Harbor, Maine

Islands off east coast of Mt. Desert Island from top of Cadillac Mtn., Bar Harbor, Maine

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Marylin Monroe, 1958

Marilyn Monroe, 1958

Marilyn Monroe was born on June 1, 1926, in Los Angeles (as Norma Jeane Mortenson). The photograph above, courtesy of LA Examiner Digital Archive collection.

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