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Archive for November, 2010

The National Broadcasting Company radio station officially launched on this day eighty-four years ago in New York City. NBC’s famous chimes were first heard in Atlanta and NBC began to use the three notes for all its stations in 1931. NBC radio led the way for the golden age of radio, which spanned from the 1930’s to the 1950’s. NBC featured famous actors and musicians such as Jack Benny, Bob Hope, and Edgar Bergen. You can find pictures of performers in action as well as old buildings that housed NBC radio stations on Opening History. This image comes from the University of Washington’s Digital Collections.

Royal Brougham at a KOMO and NBC radio microphone, Seattle, 1946

Royal Brougham at a KOMO and NBC radio microphone, Seattle, 1946. Image courtesy of University of Washington Digital Collections.

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U.S. Marine Corps poster

U.S. Marine Corps World War I poster. Image courtesty of University of Minnesota Libraries

The United States Marine Corps was established on this day in 1775 during the Revolutionary War. Captain Samuel Nichols established the Continental Marines, the root of the modern Marine Corps, to serve as the muscle of the Continental Navy. It did not become the United States Marine Corps until 1798 when Congress created in preparation for conflict with post-revolutionary France.

Boys Take Oath Into the Marine Corps

Boys Take Oath Into the Marine Corps. Image courtesy of Unitah County Library.

Since their charged debut the Marine Corps have served in every American foreign armed conflict. Opening History has posters and photos relevant to the Marine Corps in World Wars I and II, along with other military history resources. The two images are from University of Minnesota Libraries and the Unitah County Library.

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The Everett Massacre

The Everett Massacre took place in Everett, Washington as political differences led to a shoot-out between the Industrial Workers of the World organizers and local police on this day in 1916. Everett, Washington was suffering from economic difficulties that year, and as a result there were several confrontation between laborers and employers. Labor unions decided to organize and protest about their conditions. The Industrial Workers of the World came to Everett to show solidarity. Tragically the confrontation between the labor unions and business supporting law enforcement resulted in the death of five union members and two law enforcement officers.

the Industrial Workers of the World demonstrating in New York City

the Industrial Workers of the World demonstrating in New York City. Image courtesy of the Library of Congress.

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Yesterday was the 112th birthday of cheerleading! During a football game at the University of Minnesota in 1898, student Johnny Campbell jumped in front of the crowd and led them in an organized cheer making Campbell the first cheerleader. After that event, a cheerleading group was formed consisting of male students. Cheerleading remained a predominately male sport. They even had their own cheerleading fraternity.

Cheerleaders at a Bradley University Basketball game.

Cheerleaders at a Bradley University Basketball game. Image courtesy of the Jack Bradley Photojournalism Collection

Women began participating in cheerleading in the 1920’s because there were few collegiate sports in which they could participate. Women’s numbers began to rise in cheerleading when men became unavailable to participate due to the two World Wars. Today women and girls make up the majority in cheerleading and the sport has evolved to incorporate elements of gymnastics, tumbling, dancing and coordinated stunts in addition to leading fans to cheer for the team.

A cheerleader from the University of Washington

A cheerleader from the University of Washington. Image courtesy of the University of Washington Digital Collections

Check out Opening History to see more photographs of cheerleading from the past and present. These two images came from the Jack Bradley Photojournalism Collection and the University of Washington Digital Collections.

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