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Archive for the ‘text’ Category

Comet Halley

One hundred years ago, on May 18, 1910, the Earth passed through the tail of Comet Halley, the best-known of the short-period comets, visible from Earth every 75 to 76 years. Halley’s Comet last appeared in the inner Solar System in 1986 and will next appear in mid-2061.

This article on Halley’s Comet orbit, published in 1910, is courtesy of the Library of Congress, American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera digital collection. To read the article, please either click on the image below or follow this link.

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145 years ago, on April 27, 1865, the New York State Senate created Cornell University as the state’s land grant institution.
The Opening History aggregation includes five digital collections created by or with participation from Cornell University:
HEARTH (Home Economics Archive: Research, Tradition, and History)
Cornell University Collection of Political Americana
Making of America (MoA): Cornell University
Core Historical Literature of Agriculture

New York State Historical Literature Collection.

The full-text digitized version of this newsletter, “Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics in New York during 1918” published in 1919 by Cornell University’s College of Agriculture (below) is courtesy of HEARTH digital collection.

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On April 6, 1917, the United States declared war on Germany, thus entering the World War I. The document below, courtesy of the Library of Congress, American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera digital collection, shows flags of the nations at war with Germany or her allies as of June 22, 1917, with the United States flag in the middle.

The flags of the nations at war with Germany or her allies. Corrected to June 22, 1917

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On April 2, 1792, the Coinage Act was passed establishing the United States Mint.

The document below, courtesy of the Library of Congress, LC Printed Ephemera Selections digital collection, was published the next year (1793) to amend the original Coinage Act.

An act to amend an act, intituled, 'An act establishing a Mint, and regulating the coins of the United States.', so far as respects the coinage of copper. (Philadelphia). Printed by Childs and Swaine. (1793).

The image of a silver dollar liberty coin (1895) below courtesy of Teaching with Digital Contentdigital collection.

Liberty Silver Dollar, 1895

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372 years ago, on March 29, 1638, Swedish colonists established the first settlement in Delaware, naming it New Sweden. This book below, published in 1858, courtesy of Making of America digital collection, details the history of Swedes in Delaware. To read the full text of this book, please click on the image of its title page below.

Clay, Jehu Curtis (1858). Annals of the Swedes on the Delaware. Philadelphia: F. Foster

Another book, published in 1873, comes from the Harvard University, Immigration to the United States (1789-1930) digital collection. To read the full text, please click on the introduction page below.

Acrelius, Israel. (1876). A history of New Sweden, or, The settlements on the River Delaware. Philadelphia : Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

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March 24 is World TB (tuberculosis) Day. The title page featured below, courtesy of Making of America digital collection, is from a book Brief history of the campaign against tuberculosis in New York City: catalogue of the tuberculosis exhibit of the Department of Health, published in New York City over 100 years ago — in 1908. To read the full text of this book, please click on the title page image below.

The drawing below, courtesy of The North Carolina Experience digital collection, shows Mountain Sanitarium for Pulmonary Diseases in Asheville, North Carolina, where tuberculosis patients were treated, in 1870s.
The more recent photograph below, courtesy of Pittsburgh City Photographer Collection, part of a larger Historic Pittsburgh Image Collections digital collection, was made in 1937 and shows a doctor giving a tuberculosis vaccination to a small girl.

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American Express was founded by Henry Wells and William Fargo 160 years ago — on March 18, 1850. A year later, they organized the firm of Wells, Fargo & Company to conduct an express business between New York and San Francisco by way of the Isthmus of Panama and on the Pacific coast, where it long had a virtual monopoly.
This Wells Fargo & Co. Express Freight receipt document from 1903 is courtesy of Hudson River Valley Heritage digital collection.

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