Posts Tagged ‘Arizona’

On December 9, 1962, the Petrified Forest National Monument was officially established as a national park.  The park extends over 146 square miles of northeastern Arizona and is named for its numerous fossils and petrified trees dating as far back as the Late Triassic period.  The Arizona Territorial Legislature had first requested that Congress grant the area national park status in 1895 when tourism and commercial interest in petrified wood were both on the rise.  In 1906, Theodore Roosevelt signed the Antiquities Act, and the area was first declared a national monument.

Five people stand on a petrified log forming a tree bridge in the Petrified Forest of Arizona, ca.1900. Image courtesy of the California Historical Society Digital Archive and hosted by the University of Southern California Special Collections.

Since 1962, the National Park Service has worked to protect the land for future generations, but petrified wood is regularly stolen. Approximately 12 short tons of petrified wood are taken off the land illegally each year.

Petrified Forest Nat'l Monument, Arizona, April 13, 1952. Image courtesy of the Charles W. Cushman Photograph Collection at Indiana University.

Discover more about this and other national parks at Opening History.  Many historic images of Petrified Forest National Park can be found through the California Historical Society Digital Archive, the Charles W. Cushman Photograph Collection at Indiana University, and the Library of Congress collection Panoramic Photographs: Taking the Long View, 1851-1991.


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The Bisbee Deportation started on July 12, 1917 as vigilantes kidnapped and deported nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.

The photograph of Sacramento Pit open copper mine at Bisbee, Arizona, below, courtesy of Indiana University, Charles W. Cushman Photograph Collection.

Sacramento Pit - famous open copper mine at Bisbee, Ariz., 1952

Sacramento Pit - famous open copper mine at Bisbee, Ariz., 1952

Mining history is one of the subject strengths of the Opening History aggregation. More than thirty digital collections — including Charles W. Cushman Photograph Collection, the source of the image featured in this post — contain materials on this topic, while five collections listed below specifically focus on mines, mining, and miners:
Coal Mining in Illinois, Machine vs. Man,
Doc Horrell Photo Collection,
Mining and Mother Jones in Mount Olive .
Mining in Idaho,
Thar’s gold in them thar hills: Gold and gold mining in Georgia, 1830s-1940s.

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