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Posts Tagged ‘immigration’

On July 18, 1947, the ship Exodus 1947 arrived on the Palestine shoreline after its voyage from France. The ship carried over 4,500 Jewish refugees, many of them Holocaust survivors, who were hoping to illegally immigrate to Palestine. Haganah, a paramilitary organization that preceded the Israeli Defense Forces, had bought the American-made ship for the voyage despite its poor condition in hopes that safety and public relations concerns would help immigrants gain entry to British-controlled Palestine. However, in part because of a 1939 policy that sharply limited Jewish immigration, after a skirmish British troops forcibly removed the refugees from the ship and ultimately deported them back to France and then to a displaced persons camp in Germany. This incident provoked international fury, and helped garner widespread support for the independent state of Israel, which came into existence after the British Mandate in Palestine ended in 1948.

Jewish refugees are guarded by British troops as they leave a train at Kuechnitz, Germany, before entering a displaced persons camp in July 1947. Image courtesy of Special Collections, Doheny Memorial Library, University of Southern California

Through Opening History, you can see other photos in the Los Angeles Examiner Collection, 1920-1961 from the University of Southern California that shed light on the history of Jewish immigration in the 1940s. Significant Documents Illuminating the American Jewish Experience is also an important resource available through the Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives.

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May 31st is the World No Tobacco Day.

The Opening History aggregation includes two digital collections focusing on the subject of fighting back against the epidemic of tobacco smoking —Tobacco Free Project, San Francisco Dept. of Public Health Records collection and Asian/Pacific Islanders Tobacco Education Network Records collection.

A number of other collections in Opening History aggregation contain hundreds of items (photographs, documents, posters, letters, etc.) about the various aspects of tobacco manufacturing and tobacco use in the United States.

The World War I poster (courtesy of Summons to Comradeship digital collection) and the 1908 photograph (courtesy of Immigration to the United States, 1789-1930 digital collection) below exemplify two different attitudes to tobacco in early-20th-century United States:

Help her fill a pipe for a fighting man in France : send your money to the Morning Telegraph: official organ in New York for our boys in France tobacco fund
Industrial Problems, Conditions: United States. Pennsylvania. Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh Survey: Tobacco drying in the work room poisons in the air (1908)

Industrial Problems, Conditions: United States. Pennsylvania. Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh Survey: Tobacco drying in the work room poisons the air (1908)

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